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Conservative Populist Aleman Claims Victory in Nicaragua

By Douglas Farah
The Washington Post
MANAGUA, Nicaragua

Conservative populist Arnoldo Aleman, armed with a commanding lead in Nicaragua's presidential race, proclaimed victory Monday and vowed to govern the deeply polarized nation "for all Nicaraguans."

Aleman's main opponent, former President Daniel Ortega of the Sandinista National Liberation Front, declared he will not accept the election results, alleging widespread irregularities in counting. While Ortega explained he is not challenging the Supreme Electoral Council's authority, he demanded that results from each of the 9,000 voting stations be compared to the counts relayed to the council to make sure it got accurate information.

Ortega's announcement added a new element of tension here, but it seemed unlikely to find much backing or to alter the outcome. Brian Atwood, President Clinton's envoy to monitor the elections, along with former President Jimmy Carter, the European Union and a Nicaraguan monitoring group, all had declared the elections fraud-free before Ortega announced his objections.

"We wanted to immediately recognize the results given by the council, and are sorry we cannot," said Ortega, who governed Nicaragua from 1979-1990 as a Marxist allied with Cuba. "We are not questioning the authority of the council, but there are serious anamolies that need to be investigated."

With 46 percent of the votes counted, the Supreme Electoral Council said Aleman had 48.3 percent of the vote, while Ortega had 39.1 percent. The remaining votes were divided among 23 other candidates. In order to avoid a runoff election, a candidate needed to win 45 percent.

The election represented the first time in Nicaraguan history that one democratically elected government allowed its successor to be chosen democratically. In the end, political analysts said, the vote seemed to come down to fear: fear of a Sandinista return - and with it war, confrontation with the United States and hyperinflation - outweighed fear that Aleman has surrounded himself with associates of former right-wing dictator Anastasio Somoza and that he will prove intolerant.

"I invite everyone from the other political parties - from those that finished in second place to last place - to join forces," Aleman said after claiming victory. "Nicaragua needs all of us to leave the past behind."