Tyson Warns Congress to Adopt Clinton Economic Stimulus PlanBy William J. Eaton
Los Angeles Times
The economic recovery may "stall again" if Congress balks at approving President Clinton's $30 billion stimulus package this spring, chief White House economic Laura D'Andrea Tyson warned Monday.
Despite some improvement in the economy, Tyson said, there are persistent signs of weakness and very slow growth in employment that justify an injection of new spending and business tax breaks to provide up to 500,000 more jobs in the next two years.
"The short-term stimulus package is best viewed as an insurance policy designed to make sure that recovery does not falter again, and as a downpayment on the investment plan that will largely occur in subsequent fiscal years," she told the Congressional Joint Economic committee.
Republican members of the panel, however, protested that Clinton's overall economic program amounted to a massive tax increase that would jeopardize economic growth in the future.
"My concern is that the economy will not respond as you say," Rep. Christopher Cox, R-Calif., told Tyson, the new chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers.
In her testimony, Tyson said that job growth from the recent recession was 3 million short of the gains in a typical recovery period, sigynifying underlying weakness in the economy.
"Many of the factors that contributed to recession or sluggish growth over the past four years are still acting to depress the economy," she said. "Many U.S. companies are in the midst of a painful restructuring process that will ultimately make them more competitive, but currently generates large permanent layoffs
"Ongoing and future reductions in defense spending ... will continue to act as a drag on the economy," she added, while the commercial real estate market remains depressed in many areas and exports will be limited by sluggish growth in Europe and Japan.
Meantime, a report by the National Association of Business Economists indicated that the jobless rate would not fall very much this year even if Clinton's stimulus package is approved promptly.
A survey of prominent forecasters produced a consensus that unemployment would average 7 percent in 1993 even if the first phase of the president's economic program was enacted. The jobless rate dropped to 7.1 percent in January.
"What's missing in the (stimulus) package ... is how to get new jobs created," said Joseph W. Duncan, NABE president who is an executive of Dun & Bradstreet Corp.
The stimulus package proposes about $15 billion worth of spending increases for highway construction, summer jobs, community development, jobless benefits, education programs and projects for treating waste water.
Another $15 billion will be earmarked for business tax credits for investment in equipment. Larger firms would get a temporary credit for two years while smaller businesses would benefit from a permanent investment tax credit.
"The administration estimates that the stimulus package, taken by itself, will add about 0.3 percent to the annual growth rates of real gross domestic project in 1993 and 1994, creating 500,000 additional jobs by the end of 1994," Tyson said. She forecast economic growth of 3.1 percent this year and 3.3 percent in 1994 if the package is approved.
House Democrats were expected to vote next month on the stimulus package in an emergency appropriations measure before taking up the bulk of the president's long-term deficit reduction program.