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News Briefs, part 2

Black Protesters Killed, Whites Burned to Death

The Baltimore Sun

JOHANNESBURG

Black protesters were killed in clashes with police and two whites were burned to death Sunday in a backlash to the assassination of Chris Hani, one of the heroes of the black liberation movement.

A third white man was beaten and had part of his tongue cut off, police said.

As the country teetered on the edge of a much larger explosion of violence, the African National Congress, accused security officials of ignoring requests for special protection for Hani.

But the ANC, its political allies and the government urged calm and said Hani's death should not derail their negotiations aimed at achieving black equality.

"It is blatantly clear to everyone that Comrade Chris Hani's murder was politically motivated," said Cyril Ramaphosa, secretary-general of the ANC, the main black political group.

"In fact the untimely death of Comrade Chris Hani should act as a catalyst for negotiations," he said. "He wanted the conflict in this country to be resolved through negotiations."

Hani, 50, was especially influential among young, black militants who are mistrustful of the black-white political talks. Unlike the ANC's old guard, the young blacks have not ruled out armed insurrection as a means toward black rule.

Clinton Publicly Bashes Senate GOP, Privately Hopes for Deal

Los Angeles Times

WASHINGTON

President Clinton accused Senate Republicans holding up his $16.3 billion stimulus plan of wanting "more people to stay out of work," while administration officials acknowledged they almost certainly will have to compromise with the Republicans and sacrifice some of the plan's spending provisions to keep the measure alive.

Turning up the political heat on an issue that has developed into a major test of wills, Clinton used the occasion of the annual children's Easter Egg roll on the White House lawn to mount a sharp attack on the Senate Republicans.

"Look out there at those kids," said Clinton, "they are the hostages" of the Republican action. The stimulus plan includes $300 million that would be used to begin immunizing one million children nationwide this summer.

Behind the public war of words, however, administration officials said Clinton knows it will now be extremely difficult, if not impossible, to win approval for his entire stimulus package. "I think he (Clinton) views it as a high probability that we won't get the whole thing," said one White House official.

In fact, Clinton's remarks Monday reflected a two-track strategy of bashing the Senate Republicans in public while trying to make a deal with them in private, a senior administration official said.

Clinton Expected to Be Tough On Trade in Talks With Miyazawa

The Washington Post

WASHINGTON

When President Clinton meets with Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa later this week, he will be in the position of the judge who has rendered the verdict before hearing what the witness has to say.

At his news conference last month, Clinton was asked how he felt about Japan's stubborn trade surplus with the United States and what he said seemed to leave little room for diplomacy.

"The persistence of the surplus the Japanese enjoy with the United States and with the rest of the developed world can only lead one to the conclusion that the possibility of obtaining real, even access to the Japanese market is somewhat remote," Clinton said.

The words struck home, said one senior Japanese official. "That's the kind of remark we're very much concerned about," the official said, contending that Clinton does not have his facts straight on this issue.

Miyazawa will bring with him a new government spending program intended not only to lift Japan out of its recession by raising consumer and business demand, but also to stimulate the purchase of foreign goods, putting a dent in Japan's trade surplus. The new stimulus package, reportedly on the order of $110 billion, is to be announced Tuesday.

Serbs React to NATO Air Patrols By Shelling Srebrenica

Los Angeles Times

SPLIT, Croatia

As NATO warplanes took to the skies over Bosnia-Herzegovina on Monday to begin enforcing a no-fly zone, rebel Serbs immediately underscored the limited muscle of the mission by turning their heavy artillery on the town of Srebrenica, killing 35 civilians.

Another 68 people were wounded in what U.N. Protection Force spokesman John Mills described as an intense, hour-long barrage that took a particularly heavy toll among players at a school soccer field.

Serbian tanks and mounted guns on the hills surrounding Sarajevo also unleashed the heaviest assault on the Bosnian capital in weeks, Mills reported from U.N. headquarters in Zagreb.

From airbases in Italy and the decks of carriers in the Adriatic Sea, fighter pilots of three nations launched Operation Deny Flight, NATO's first mission outside the territories of its member nations.

The American, French and Dutch pilots, returning after weaving through glowering clouds over Bosnia, said there was no sign of the Serbian planes and helicopters that have routinely defied the United Nations' no-fly order in recent months.

One accident marred an otherwise smooth first day of enforcement. A French Mirage fighter suffered mechanical failure and ditched in the Adriatic. The pilot ejected safely and was rescued by a helicopter, said officials at the NATO coordination center at Vicenza in northeastern Italy.

They ruled out hostile action as cause of the crash.