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Security Council Votes to Bar Yugoslavia From U.N.

Newsday

UNITED NATIONS

The Security Council, in a move to cast Serbian-dominated Yugoslavia as a pariah nation and further press it to end the Bosnian war, voted Saturday to prevent it from participating in the General Assembly.

By a vote of 12-0 with three abstentions, the council said that the rump state of Yugoslavia, consisting of Serbia and Montenegro, was the principal aggressor in the ethnic conflict and could not automatically assume the U.N. membership of the former Yugoslavia. The country fractured after Slovenia and Croatia declared independence in June 1991, and the Muslim-dominated Bosnia-Herzegovina followed in February. The three republics now each have their own new seats in the United Nations, but Yugoslavia contended that it did not have to reapply.

Yugoslavia may reapply for membership as a new country, the Security Council decided. The council's vote requires ratification by the 179-nation General Assembly, which diplomats here say is virtually assured because it has the support of Muslim countries and much of the Third World.

If the measure passes in the General Assembly, Yugoslavia will join South Africa as the only other outlaw in the U.N. system. South Africa's voting rights were suspended in 1974 because of its apartheid policies.

The resolution was sponsored by Britain, France and Belgium, the three European Community members on the council. They were joined by the United States and Morocco, a Muslim country.

Yugoslav representatives reacted angrily, saying the move could derail peace efforts under the auspices of the United Nations. But they stopped short of threatening to pull out of negotiations aimed at ending "ethnic cleansing," inhumane prison camps, attacks on civilian targets and relief convoys and, ultimately, the war itself. Most human rights organizations, including U.N. agencies, hold the Serbs largely responsible for the atrocities.

"The basic problem that we have on this resolution is we are being punished at a time the peace effort is starting to get some results," said Milos Strugar, a counselor at Yugoslavia's U.N. mission. "This may jeopardize peace efforts," he said, but added, "We will continue to work for peace."

Nixon Advisers to Testify on Whether POWs Were Left Behind

The Washington Post

WASHINGTON

Testimony before a special Senate committee and information emerging from declassified documents strongly indicate that high officials in the Nixon administration knew that some American prisoners were left behind in Southeast Asia when the United States pulled out of the Vietnam War in 1973, but chose to ignore the fact because they were determined to withdraw from the conflict.

The new information has apparently produced no fresh evidence that any U.S. prisoners of war are still alive, although Sen. Robert C. Smith (R-N.H.), vice chairman of the Senate Select Committee on POW-MIA Affairs, said he has been persuaded that as recently as 1989 some were alive.

But information in the documents, testimony and depositions given to the committee appears to confirm that in 1973, when President Richard M. Nixon said that all U.S. prisoners of war had come home, it was not true and that his senior aides knew it, even if he did not.

Almost 20 years after the war ended, the new information about the attempt to account for missing Americans is suddenly flowing through two channels to a public from whom it was long hidden. One is the select committee, which was created in August 1991 and has so far taken testimony from 61 witnesses and nearly 100 depositions dealing with the policy, personalities and technical aspects of this volatile issue. The other is a trove of previously classified Pentagon and State Department documents that have been made public by President Bush at the committee's request.

The documents reveal bitter disputes in the Pentagon and White House throughout the Reagan and Bush administrations, mostly pitting those who believed live prisoners might still be awaiting rescue against those who maintained no data existed to support such a belief.

The documents show, for example, that some Pentagon officials have for years harbored doubts about the efficacy of the Defense Intelligence Agency's effort to evaluate "live sighting reports" and other information about the whereabouts of missing Americans.

One document, a March 1986 assessment of the intelligence effort by Air Force Col. Kimball Gaines, then chief of the Pentagon's POW-MIA task force, blasted what he said was a "mind-set to debunk" among analysts assigned to evaluate reports from refugees and others about sightings of live Americans.

Two months later, a committee headed by retired Air Force Lt. Gen. Eugene F. Tighe, former chief of the Defense Intelligence Agency, said after a review of DIA files that "the evidence is compelling that at least between 1975 and 1979 American military personnel were held in captivity in Laos by Vietnamese troops."

Weather

Clear Sailing Ahead

national weather service

Today: Sunny and cool. High 65-70F (18-21C). Light easterly winds.

Tonight: Clear, with patchy fog.<\p>Low 40-45F (4-7C) in the suburbs to near 55F (13C) in the city.

Tomorrow: Sunny. High 70-75F (21-24C).