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BAGHDAD — Blood still smeared the walls of Our Lady of Salvation Church on Monday. Scraps of flesh remained between the pews. It was the worst massacre of Iraqi Christians since the war began here in 2003. But for survivors, the tragedy went deeper than the toll of the human wreckage: A fusillade of grenades, bullets and suicide vests had unraveled yet another thread of the country’s once eclectic fabric.

“We’ve lost part of our soul now,” said Rudy Khalid, a 16-year-old Christian who lived across the street. He shook his head.

“Our destiny,” Khalid said, “no one knows what to say of it.”

The massacre, in which 58 people were killed by an affiliate of al-Qaida, paled before the worst spectacles of violence in Iraq. Since the U.S. invasion, tens of thousands have died here – Sunni and Shiite Muslims – and few of the deaths generated the outrage expressed Monday. Iraq was once a remarkable melange of beliefs, customs and traditions; the killings Sunday drew another border in a nation defined more by war, occupation and deprivation. Identities have hardened; diversity has faded. Nearly all of Iraq’s Jews left long ago, many harassed by a xenophobic government. Iraq’s Christians have dwindled; once numbering anywhere between 800,000 and 1.4 million, at least half are thought to have emigrated since 2003, their leaders say.

“They came to kill Iraq, not Iraqis,” said Bassam Sami, who huddled in a room for four hours before security forces managed to free him. “They came to kill the spirit of Iraq. They came to kill the reason to live, every dream that you want to make true.”

Down the street was Khalid, as upset as he was anxious at a country that seemed to grasp at the mirage of normalcy, fleeting as it might be, only to turn away in disgust at the resilience of violence.

“No one has any answers for us,” he said.

On the morning after security forces stormed the Syrian Catholic church, freeing hostages but leaving far more dead and wounded behind, there were no answers. Not in the statements of outrage from Iraqi leaders, themselves blamed for the dysfunction of the Iraqi state. Not from Pope Benedict XVI, who condemned the “absurd and ferocious violence.” Not from security officials, whose accounts contradicted one another’s and prompted suggestions they might have inadvertently worsened the carnage. Most of all, not from the survivors, one of whom said the gunmen who seized the church Sunday evening had only one task in mind.

“They came to kill, kill, kill,” Sami said.