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The Proportional Representation Voting Method

Voters rank candidates, giving their favorite candidate rank number one. Voters can rank as many or as few candidates as they wish. Once any candidate reaches a threshold of top choice votes, he/she is immediately elected. Any number one votes on ballots beyond the quota will be given to the number two vote on that ballot. Any candidate with less than 50 number one votes is then eliminated and those ballots are given to the number two vote. After this is done, the candidate with the lowest number of votes is eliminated and his/her votes go to the next preference. Candidates are elected by reaching quota after each elimination and redistribution.

Source: City of Cambridge Election Commission Web site